Leadership Programs:
Offering Depth to the
Coastal Arena
by Kristen M. Fletcher
The leadership instinct you are born with is
the backbone. You develop the funny bone
and the wishbone that go with it.
Elaine Agather, Businesswoman
A leader can be described as a person who
guides or inspires others. Leadership, on
the other hand, is more amorphous, harder
to define, although the American Heritage
Dictionary defines it as the “capacity or abil -
ity to lead" while Dictionary.com states that
leadership is “an act or instance of leading;
guidance; direction." Whether one consid-
ers leadership to be an individual act or an
individual’s ability to inspire, motivate and
offer direction to others, few would debate
that leadership is vital to the fields of work in
sustaining ocean and coastal resources.
Leadership development programs are not
new to ocean and coastal fields. Scientists,
policy-makers, students and executives are
offered training opportunities at conferenc-
es, through their companies or universities,
and through professional organizations like
The Coastal Society. But, what distinguishes
leadership programs that share informa-
tion and resources (a valuable contribution)
from those that truly “develop," that dig
deeper, push us to grow as individuals and
offer insight that translates into the ability to
In the interest of full disclosure, I must ad-
mit up front that I am a Senior Fellow of the
TCS Bulletin
Volume 29 (2)
By Ellen Gordon
Capitol Hill Oceans Week (CHOW) was
held this year on June 5, 6 and 7. Now in its
seventh year, this annual event provides a
forum for key stakeholders to discuss impor-
tant ocean and coastal issues. The program
facilitates the exchange of knowledge and
ideas about ocean issues and policies. Topics
this year included:
A Legislative Agenda: Charting the
Hydrography: It’s Not just for Charting
Sounds in the Seas: Acoustics and Ma-
rine Mammals
Census of Marine Life: Incorporating
Biological Data in Ocean Observations
The Economics of Coastal Communities
Ecosystem-based Management: A Com-
prehensive Approach
NOAA Past and Present: A Conversation
with NOAA’s Administrators
Ocean Management: Planning for the
The keynote speaker for the kickoff panel
on the legislative agenda was the Honorable
Leon Panetta. He served as White House
Chief of Staff to President Clinton from 1994-
1997; prior to that he was Director of the
Office of Management and Budget and before
that, he represented California’s 16th District
in the U.S. House of Representatives for eight
years. Mr. Panetta was also Chair of the Pew
Oceans Commission, which culminated in a
report to the nation in May 2003, advocating
for fundamental change in the nation’s pos-
Message from the
From the Editor's
Desk ...........................
Chapter Voices...........
Annual Report..........
Board of
continued on page 4
continued on page 5
President’s Message
TCS 29 (2)
Dear TCS Member,
As I write this quarter’s letter to you, I am sitting on the ferry returning from Block Island to the mainland of Rhode
Island. (I know what you’re thinking but despite its small size, Rhode Island has plenty of mainland!) While I was on
Block Island for the purpose of introducing conservation easements and other marine conservation tools to law stu-
dents, I took note of the wide variety of people enjoying their treasured parts of the island from beaches, bike paths,
and hiking trails to shops and ice cream parlors.
The island is experiencing the usual summer inundation, full of coast-lovers that our conservation guide sheepishly
terms “tourons," arriving in droves around July 4th and visiting until Labor Day, our holiday-defined calendar for
summer. The students and our host shared stories of childhoods spent on the coast, an emotional connection to a
place often passed from generation to generation. Others found their love for the ocean later – but find it, they did!
Surfing, sailing, seahorses and seagulls draw people to precious coastal resources by the millions.
But, to look closer at Block Island is to see change at a scale that a 10 square mile island is possibly too small to han-
dle: from the population, which swells from approximately 800 in the winter to 12,000 in the summer, to the size of
homes, swelling from a more-than-modest 1,200 square feet for year-round residents to multi-thousand square feet
for newly-constructed homes often enjoyed seasonally. Two proposals for increased private dock slips has drawn
regional attention to this island and, of course, kept the lawyers busy.
And, this is Block Island, Rhode Island – a state and region with resources, both natural and financial. Imagine then
a similarly sized island in the Pacific without a supportive tax base or sophisticated fundraising techniques or tested
legal tools to conserve key tracts of land and ecosystem services. It begs those of us who work on coastal resource
issues not to separate people, economics, and culture from the environment as they are intricately and necessarily
The TCS 21 Conference Planning Committee is discussing creative ways to address these issues through analysis of
the human footprint on coastal areas at our 2008 conference in the unique urban environment of Redondo Beach,
along the coastal edge of Los Angeles County, California. Redondo Beach has a population of over 63,000, a total
area of 6.35 square miles, and a median home price of approximately $785,000. What better place to discuss the
impacts and permanence of our footprints than a coastal city dotted with fifteen parks, a large recreational and com -
mercial harbor (including the 1,500 -slip private craft port known as King Harbor), piers, and miles of bathing and
surfing beach – all located twenty miles from downtown Los Angeles. Challenges abound including mitigation of
the impacts of this city and LA County to the coastal and marine environment, ensuring public access to the coastline,
and addressing questions of equity in a wealthy county in California which is often considered “a region unto itself."
In the midst of this urban environment, the conference planners hope to push the traditional boundaries of our think-
ing about coastal resources and the footprints that we inevitably leave on the natural environment and our fellow
humans. It is difficult for those of us in the marine world to imagine living within 20 miles of the coast yet never
breathing fresh salty sea air or experiencing the magic of ocean waves. But, indeed, there are people who lack the re-
sources to get to the coast, who don’t understand its significance in their lives, because they live in communities facing
pollution, failing schools, or violence. At TCS 21, we will enter a dynamic part of the U.S. with challenges that mirror
those in many parts of the world, offering us an excellent opportunity to share lessons and techniques and to travel
outside of our comfort zone of sand beneath our feet to other views of coastal life.
I invite you to become a part of this discussion pre-conference, to join the planning committee or just offer sugges-
tions for topics, panels, or meeting techniques that will challenge conference attendees to learn, stretch and grow. It’s
The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent TCS nor its Board.
continued on page 3
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
a great way to get involved in TCS and advance its important mission, whether you have a few hours a month to share
ideas on the monthly committee conference call or want to dedicate more time by taking on a leadership role in the pro-
gram or planning.
As the ferry nears the mainland, I will sign off with best wishes to each of you for a wonderful summer,
GOT CONFERENCE. Ideas, that is! Please e-mail me at kfletcher@rwu.edu and I will add you to the growing list of
talented planning committee volunteers!
From The Editor’s Desk
TCS 29 (2)
The summer solstice has passed (here in the northern hemisphere) and the “dog days of summer" have arrived. In the
piedmont country where I live, green is the dominant color, tomatoes are just beginning to come ripe off the vine, local
peaches started showing up yesterday at the farmers markets and the sweet corn should begin next week. It is a time
of fresh, local abundance, kids free from school, and dreams of lazy summer vacations at the beach.
As promised in the last issue, we’re kicking off a new periodic feature, Chapter Voices. Although the Bulletin always
includes brief updates from the chapters, this column will be a specific opportunity for a lengthier report on anything a
chapter is involved in that might be of interest to other students and to TCS members in general. The inaugural piece
written by Christine Patrick, former co-President of TCS-URI, explains the rather complex history of the right-of-way
that the URI chapter has been trying to adopt.
You’ll also find a brief announcement (and glorious island photo) of our very newest chapter, at the University of
Hawaii. They are already a busy group; we’ll have a lengthier description of their activities in the next issue of the Bul-
letin. I hope you’ll enjoy all our regular reports and articles as well.
- Kristen M. Fletcher
TCS President
continued from page 2
The Coastal Society’s 21st International Conference
Sunday, June 29-Wednesday, July 2, 2008
Crowne Plaza Redondo Beach, Los Angeles, California
Calling all volunteers: Those with ideas, energy and/or interest in serving on the TCS21 Planning Committee are asked
to send an email to Kristen Fletcher, kfletcher@rwu.edu regarding their interest. Planning Committee conference calls
will take place approximately once a month beginning in May 2007. Thanks! We look forward to seeing everyone next
- Ellen Gordon, TCS Editor
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Leadership Programs
TCS 29 (2)
a 2007 ELP Fellow in Boston, joined “for the opportunity
to push myself (or get pushed!) out of my comfort zone
and increase my exposure to other people wanting to make
things happen too."
ELP is but one of several programs targeting environmen-
tal professionals at all career stages from graduate study
to middle and late career, recognizing that both green and
more seasoned individuals have leadership potential and
can serve as assets to the environmental community. For
example, the Switzer Environmental Fellowship Program
supports highly talented graduate students in New Eng-
land and California whose studies are directed toward
improving environmental quality and who demonstrate
leadership in their field, providing a one-year $15,000 cash
award for graduate study as well as networking and leader-
ship support.
Other programs are more focused, through a particu-
lar field, skill set, or group of people in order to address
emerging environmental needs. Begun in 1998, the Aldo
Leopold Leadership Program trains environmental sci-
entists to be more effective communicators of scientific
information through three years of expert instruction and
consultation, hands-on communication projects, and peer
networking. Also using the strategy of focused training,
the Sustainability Institute's Donella Meadows Leader-
ship Fellows Program provides training for women in
systems thinking, organizational learning and leadership
for sustainability, and environmental and social issues.
Universities, governments and nonprofits from develop-
ing nations can also take advantage of unique programs
for their employees like the Watson International Scholars
of the Environment Program at Brown University, which
convenes environmental leaders from faculties, govern-
ments and NGOs throughout the developing world. The
program offers a 3.5 month intensive program in sustain-
able ecosystem management to enhance mastery of critical
concepts, relevant tools and transferable processes neces-
sary for successfully managing ecosystems.
These types of leadership programs also recognize the
maintenance necessary to sustain leaders, both individual
maintenance as well as that of the program. ELP notes
that it “considers the active two-year fellowship as only
the first phase of a lifecycle of support and participation in
ELP" with fellows becoming part of a dynamic network of
Senior Fellows once the initial 2-year fellowship is com-
pleted. The Beahrs Environmental Leadership Program at
the University of California, Berkeley, supports post-pro-
Environmental Leadership Program (ELP), having been a
fellow from 2003 to 2005. The two-year fellowship includ-
ed committing to 4 retreats, the writing and maintenance
of a personal leadership plan, interacting with fellows in
and outside one’s area, and the optional undertaking of an
activity fund project. Moved by the experience, my activity
fund project for 2004 was the Institute for Future Coastal
Leaders at TCS 19 in Newport, designed as a “mini-ELP"
for students attending the conference, to introduce stu-
dents of different disciplines to facilitation and problem-
solving skills in the context of coastal management.
Though reasons for participating in a leadership develop-
ment program differ, many people are looking for more
out of their career opportunities and a way to connect with
others in their field who might offer different perspectives.
TCS Member Kate Killerlain Morrison was recently named
a 2007 ELP Fellow in the program’s Boston Regional
Network. Morrison is participating in a leadership devel-
opment program because “such training was not available
to me as a state government contract employee and [I] was
seeking guidance after the passing of my mentor. ELP was
attractive because it combines traditional leadership train-
ing (public speaking, working with the media, negotiation,
etc.) with difficult discussions about the evolving environ-
mental movement, combined with social justice issues of
gender, race and class." TCS Member Wendy Waller, also
continued on page 5
continued from page 1
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Leadership Programs / CHOW
TCS 29 (2)
gram collaborative projects within its growing alumni base
through its Small Grants Initiative, funding projects in de-
veloping nations through collaboration with UC Berkeley.
These programs recognize their own need for collaboration
and organizational development, to stay relevant to the
changing needs of the environmental movement. Created
in 2001, the Environmental Leadership Collaborative gave
leadership development organizations a formal network
to develop and expand the leadership capacity of the
environmental movement. The organizations referenced
above “believe that effective leaders spur environmental
progress, and that these leaders … need to be equipped to
build the networks, partnerships, and public leadership
necessary to push for broad environmental change."* The
Collaborative now has eighteen member organizations that
share resources and information, collaborate on projects
related to environmental leadership development, and
jointly market the various leadership programs.
Leadership Development Programs are growing in diver-
sity and sophistication. No longer a one-time training on
management, these programs recognize the interaction,
resources and time for reflection necessary for leaders
to address evermore complex environmental problems.
Coastal and ocean fields can take advantage of this wealth
of opportunities through its emerging and existing leaders.
For information on the Environmental Leadership Collab-
orative and its member organizations noted in this article
visit, http://www.elcleaders.org/ and its members’ page at
*Environmental Leadership Collaborative, Leadership for
Sustainability: Developing Leaders for the Environment
at 5 (2005) [available at http://www.elcleaders.org/EL-
Kristen Fletcher is Director of the Marine Affairs Institute
and the Rhode Island Sea Grant Legal Program at Roger
Williams University School of Law where she conducts and
directs legal research and outreach on marine resource
and management issues including the Public Trust Doc -
trine, submerged lands conservation, and fisheries law
and policy. She also is proudly serving as President of The
Coastal Society.
Leadership Programs
continued from page 4
ture toward its oceans. His rather extensive political and
ocean resume made him a logical keynote speaker.
Mr. Panetta charged the audience with ensuring, “…that
we do everything possible to protect this remarkable re-
source that occupies 75% of our planet." He made it clear
that we must find ways to mobilize the attention of the
public on the problems confronting our ocean; e.g., ensur-
ing that anyone who delights in whale-watching also comes
to understand the crisis confronting our oceans, indeed
confronting our whole planet, and becomes active in seek-
ing out solutions. He made clear his belief that the soul
of our country depends on our building a consensus that
looks toward the future--our children’s future.
Since the publishing of the Commission reports, Mr.
Panetta suggested that some encouraging steps have been
taken; there have been some successes. But there is much
left to be done; he recommended three major changes that
must begin soon:
1) Strengthening ocean governance
2) Affirming the Law of the Sea
3) Acknowledging climate change
The panel that followed his presentation was comprised of
several hill staffers, representatives from two non profits,
as well as executive branch agencies. Each panelist offered
their view of the legislative agenda. While their outlook
varied, all expected a full agenda over the next couple of
The remainder of the week brought a varied array of dis-
cussions, luncheons and awards ceremonies. Hosted by
the National Marine Sanctuary Foundation, the event is
their largest effort of the year, and is intended to strength-
en and build bridges between the private and public sec-
tors, with the goal being betterment of the ocean. http://
CHOW continued from page 1
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
TCS 29 (2)
Scientist Says Sea Level Rise Could Accelerate
From EUCC News: Data from satellites is showing that sea
level rises and polar ice melting might be worse than earlier
thought, a leading oceanographer said on March 12. Eric
Lindstrom, head of oceanography at the National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration (NASA) stated this at
the sidelines of a global oceans conference in Hobart. "All
indications are that it's going to get faster." Rapid advances
in science in the past five years on polar ice-sheet dynamics
had yet to filter through into scientific models, Lindstrom
said. He also pointed to huge splits in Antarctic ice shelves
in 2002, then seen as once-in-100-year events that cre-
ated icebergs bigger than some small countries. The mega
icebergs were first thought not to affect global sea levels be-
cause the ice broke off from shelves already floating on the
surface of the ocean. But the disintegration of ice shelves
that had blocked the flow of ice from the Antarctic conti-
nent could allow sudden flows by glaciers into the ocean,
raising sea levels. What we're learning is that ice isn't slow.
Things can happen fast," Lindstrom said. "If the (polar) ice
sheets really get involved, then we're talking tens of meters
of sea level - that could really start to swamp low-lying
countries," he said. www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.
U.S. Accuses Europe of Overfishing Tuna in
Excerpted from New York Times article by James Kanter:
U.S. officials would like the European Union to do more to
stop the overfishing of Atlantic bluefin tuna. Bluefin tuna
that spawn in the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Mexico
mix extensively in the North Atlantic, so European catches
may consist of significant numbers of bluefin tuna origi-
nating in waters around the United States. Europeans
must “get control of their fleets, and if they reach their
quotas they’ve got to shut down the fisheries," said William
Hogarth, the director of the fisheries service of the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. However, tuna
experts like Carl Safina, Pew Fellow and the president of
the Blue Ocean Institute, place much of the blame for the
collapse in west Atlantic bluefin tuna stocks on the United
States, which, he said, continues to allow fishing in spawn-
ing areas in the Gulf of Mexico. Because of the criticism,
the European Union governments decided to put expert ob-
servers on 20 percent of each country’s vessels over 15 me-
ters, or about 49 feet, to check catches and spot vessels us-
ing illegal fishing practices. European Union governments
also pledged to ban the use of aircraft to locate shoals of
tuna. But conservationists sharply criticized the overall
plan, largely because the bluefin tuna quota shared between
many European nations was roughly twice the limit stipu-
lated by the International Commission for the Conservation
of Atlantic Tuna’s scientific advisers. Conservationists like
Mr. Safina are calling for an Atlantic-wide, five-year mora-
torium on bluefin tuna fishing and the closing of spawn-
ing areas in the Gulf of Mexico to fishing techniques that
could kill bluefin. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/25/
Britain Looks to Boost Wind, Wave and Tidal
Excerpted from EUCC News: Britain published new plans
on March 15 to streamline the development of offshore
wind, wave and tidal power projects, while still protect-
ing wildlife, as part of the fight against global warming.
While onshore wind farms are sprouting up all over Britain
in the race to develop clean sources of power, offshore
wind, which is much more expensive is only now starting
to develop. Wave and tidal are even further behind. The
white paper policy document, proposes a strategic marine
planning system to set national objectives and priorities for
offshore developments. It also aims to speed up the marine
licensing process and creates a new oversight body, the
Marine Management Organization, to ensure that propos-
als for wind and wave power developments are in the right
place and do not threaten wildlife. Carbon-free energy
resources along the coast involve hazards for wildlife.
More than 1/3 of U.S. Estuaries in Poor Condition
Excerpted from Reuters News Service article by Lisa
Lambert: More than a third of the coastal waters that link
America’s rivers and oceans are in poor condition, the
Environmental Protection Agency said recently in a re-
port, with Puerto Rico and the Northeast coast faring the
worst. The EPA analyzed 1,239 sites in its first survey of
the country's 28 major estuaries, In estuaries in North-
eastern states, between 10 and 20 percent of the water was
polluted, and more than 15 percent of the sediment was
contaminated, the survey found. More than 10 percent of
the organisms and fish in the estuaries facing the northern
Atlantic Ocean suffered from chemical contamination.
Estuaries in the Southeastern states were in the best condi-
tion, the report said. Less than 10 percent of the water was
polluted and about 5 percent of the sediment showed signs
of toxins. The survey also found that the entire San Juan
Bay Estuary in Puerto Rico was in poor condition. Estuar-
ies provide more than 75 percent of the US commercial fish
catch, according to the EPA, and the fisheries are worth
more than US$1.9 billion. http://www.planetark.com/dai-
continued on page 7
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
From EUCC News: Overfishing of big sharks in the North-
Atlantic has cut stocks by 99 percent, dooming North
Carolina's bay scallop fishery and threatening other spe-
cies including shrimp and crabs, researchers reported on
March 29. With most of the great predatory sharks - bull,
great white, dusky and hammerhead – gone from Atlan-
tic waters, the rays and skates the sharks normally feed
on had a population explosion, the scientists said in the
journal Science. Bull, dusky and hammerhead sharks have
declined by more than 99 percent between 1970 and 2005.
This coincided with a rise in Asian demand for shark fins
for medicinal uses and for food. Shark fins currently sell
for about US$22 a pound. Now that the ravenous rays and
skates have feasted on bay scallops, they are likely to look
for food in protected areas along the coast where other
fish and shellfish shelter in their early months of life. If
rays and skates prey on these shellfish and some of the
young grouper and snapper fish that begin their lives in the
seagrass, these species could also be threatened, Peterson
said. The overfishing of sharks may be a consequence of a
previous overfishing of cod. When fishing agencies looked
for an unexploited resource to replace cod as a mainstay,
they settled on shark about 25 years ago. www.planetark.
Supreme Court Decides Endangered Species Not A
Factor In Clean Water Act Transfer Decisions
Excerpted from a Marten Law Group article by Jessica
Ferrell: A closely divided U.S. Supreme Court held, 5-4,
that the Endangered Species Act (“ESA") does not require
the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA") to
consider ESA-listed species when transferring Clean Water
Act (“CWA") permitting authority to states. In National
Association of Home Builders v. Defenders of Wildlife
(“Defenders"), the Court reversed the Ninth Circuit Court
of Appeals on grounds that transferring CWA authority is
non-discretionary, and federal agencies need not consider
ESA-listed species when taking non-discretionary actions
under statutes, such as the CWA, that do not independent-
ly require such consideration. Although EPA has already
transferred CWA permitting authority to most states, De-
fenders could extend well beyond CWA transfer decisions.
The rule applied in the opinion requires federal agencies
to consult with the appropriate wildlife service regarding
species impacts only with respect to non-discretionary ac-
tions, and subjects only those actions to the ESA’s prohibi-
tion against jeopardizing listed species and critical habitat.
The decision raises questions about application of the “no
discretion, no consultation" rule arising from Defenders
elsewhere – particularly in the ongoing court-supervised
remand under ESA Section 7(a)(2) regarding the Federal
TCS 29 (2)
The Department of Energy Announces Wind En-
ergy Partnership With Texas and Massachusetts
From CSO Weekly: The Department of Energy (DOE) an-
nounced plans to provide up to $4 million to help launch
wind-turbine testing centers in Massachusetts and Texas.
DOE said increased testing of blades as long as 100 meters,
twice the length of blades that are currently available, is
needed to help wind power provide 20 percent of U.S.
generating capacity. Wind capacity is growing quickly but
accounts for less than 1 percent of U.S. electric power.
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Partnership and
the Lone Star Wind Alliance will each get up to $2 mil-
lion worth of testing equipment to develop the facilities,
DOE said. The two groups are entering agreements with
DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory to estab-
lish the centers. Both are expected to begin operations in
2009. The total costs for the projects are $20 million each,
with the balance of the funding coming from state-based
groups. The Massachusetts group is pledging $13 mil-
lion in grants and loans and also has created a $5 million
reserve for future blade research and testing. The Texas
group has pledged roughly $18 million in state and private
Chinese Hunger for Reef Fish Emptying Asian
From EUCC News: Turquoise fish with red dots stare at
hungry tourists from a tank at a restaurant in Hong Kong,
the capital of the world's live reef fish industry, a lucrative
trade devastating reefs across the Pacific Ocean. China is
where the demand for live reef fish is particularly heavy,
and where it is also expected to grow. A lot of the reef fish
that come into Hong Kong are re-exported into China.
Considered a delicacy, demand for coral fish has exploded
in line with China's booming economy and some species
such as the hump head wrasse are already endangered.
Restaurant fish tanks in Hong Kong are filled with exotic
fish species gathered from all around Southeast Asia,
Australia and even remote Pacific islands, such as Fiji
and Vanuatu. With the marine stock already exhausted in
nearby waters, Hong Kong traders are reaching far and
wide for increasingly rare fish such as groupers, snap-
pers and hump head wrasse, spreading the unsustainable
fishing habit across the Pacific. Large parts of reefs in the
Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia are becoming void of
marine life as a result of over fishing and the use of cyanide
to catch fish alive. www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.
Overfishing of Big Sharks Threatens Entire Eco -
system and Fishing Itself
continued on page 8
continued from page 6
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Chapter Voices
TCS 29 (2)
Columbia River Power System. As a practical matter,
Defenders allows EPA to continue transferring NPDES au-
thority to states without completing consultation under the
ESA. Environmentalists and others worry that the decision
could have broader implications, creating a loophole in
the federal government’s duty to protect listed species and
critical habitat. After Defenders, it is unclear what federal
actions – aside from affirmative actions that are unques-
tionably discretionary – will be subject to consultation and
the ESA’s no-jeopardy mandate. http://www.martenlaw.
continued on page 9
continued from page 7
Right-of-Way Adoption
By Christine Patrick, Past Co-President
TCS - University of Rhode Island (URI)
In the fall of 2006, TCS-URI Co-Presidents Dan Robinson and Chrissy Patrick started a project to adopt a right-of-way
in Rhode Island, a project that turned out to be far more complicated than they expected. With the input of the TCS-URI
officers and members, Dan and Chrissy began efforts to adopt the Rhode Island right-of-way with the most resonance to
students of Marine Affairs. The obvious choice was Black Point, in Narragansett, RI, a property equally well-known to
many Rhode Island residents less transient than URI students. The controversy over the property that took place in the
1980s and 90s had been studied extensively by Dennis Nixon, a lawyer and Marine Affairs professor who also serves as the
Associate Dean of the College of Environment and Life Sciences at URI. Although the right-of-way had been a central issue
in the controversy, almost twenty years later its status is still not definitively determined.
In 1984, a subsidiary of the Downing Properties Company purchased sixty-seven oceanfront acres in Narragansett, which
contained the 44.6 acres known as Black Point. In July 1986, responding to Downing’s request, the Town of Narragansett
made a special zoning exception to allow for the condominiums that Downing wished to build. However, this exception
came with fifteen stipulations, including the requirement that construction begin within a year, and that Downing had
to maintain the public right-of-way on the property. Downing immediately appealed the right-of-way portion of the new
restriction, challenging it on several grounds. While the appeal was pending, the year specified for beginning building was
quickly passing. In April of 1987, the Rhode Island Superior Court found that the Town of Narragansett did not have the
authority or jurisdiction to designate rights-of-way; only the state’s Coastal Resources Management Council (CRMC) did.
However, July 1987 passed without Downing having begun construction, breaking one of the fifteen stipulations.
In November 1987, the Town of Narragansett changed the zoning of the area, severely restricting building in the coastal
zone and preventing the possibility of condominiums being built. Meanwhile, the CRMC held public meetings on the
potential right-of-way on the property. These meetings eventually culminated in the CRMC designating the Black Point
right-of-way in May 1989. Downing immediately filed a lawsuit contesting this decision in Superior Court, but the end of
Downing’s plans for the Black Point area was drawing near. With the appeal pending, on July 7, 1989, the Rhode Island
Department of Environmental Management (DEM) condemned the property and gave notice that the state would take it
by eminent domain.
What followed in Rhode Island courts was a battle over how much DEM owed Downing for the property. This series of
cases, which did not end until 1996, are well-known; the appeal that Downing filed, opposing the CRMC’s designation of
the right-of-way in May 1989, disappeared from notice.
Although one might expect that the right-of-way is obviously settled now that the DEM oversees the public land, the real-
ity is far more clouded. The CRMC lists the Black Point right-of-way as “on appeal" in its own records, and a Rhode Island
Black Point, Narragansett, RI
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Chapter Voices
TCS 29 (2)
continued from page 8
Sea Grant website similarly notes, perhaps based on CRMC
records, that “the CRMC decision is being challenged
through the courts." Unlike other rights-of-way, Black
Point does not appear on the Narragansett Tax Assessor’s
official maps, though it is clear on the maps that the rel-
evant plats are owned by the State of Rhode Island. In ad-
dition, Dan and Chrissy could not locate any court records
that stated the appeal had been dropped or resolved.
Still, as Dean Nixon noted in a 1990 article on the Black
Point area, given the evidence presented in public meetings
and court cases, “it would be difficult to construct a hypo -
thetical situation" for the right-of-way not existing. “If the
court will not recognize dedication [of a right-of-way] here,
the doctrine must be considered all but dead in Rhode
Footpath to Bass Rock
Island," he wrote. In addition, although Downing had previously argued that a right-of-way on the property would severely
diminish its value, during the takings cases in the 1990s, they reversed course and claimed that the designated right-of-
way was acceptable and would not reduce the value of the land. Therefore, they argued, DEM owed them more than had
already been paid to them.
While it is clear that Black Point is now state property and therefore a public accessway, the right-of-way question is not
answered. Rights-of-way, after all, exist on the property itself and are not connected to the property owner. Therefore,
should DEM ever decide to sell Black Point, the right-of-way question would certainly need to be answered. Moreover, the
CRMC is charged with maintaining and expanding public access to the shore and it is in the agency’s interest to resolve a
right-of-way on appeal.
The University of Rhode Island Chapter of The Coastal Society has written a letter to the Acting Assistant Director of
DEM, asking that DEM work with CRMC to finally, after so many years, resolve the status of the Black Point right-of-way.
While the chapter waits for the conclusion of this question, it will move forward in another arena. Working with the CRMC
and the Town of Narragansett, it will soon officially adopt the Bass Rock right-of-way, an uncontested access point just
under two miles north of Black Point.
Downing Ocean Road, Inc., et al. v. Narragansett Zoning and Platting Board of Review, et al. MP No. WM 86-403, Superior Court of Rhode Island,
Washington; 1987 R.I. Super. LEXIS 187. April 7, 1987, Decided and Filed.
Ocean Road Partners et al. v. State of Rhode Island et al. No. 91-616, Supreme Court of Rhode Island, 612 A.2d 1007; 1992 R.I. LEXIS 179. July 15,
1992, Decided and Filed.
Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council Subcommittee on Rights-of-Way. June 2006. Designation of Public Rights-of-Way to the
Tidal Areas of The State. http://www.crmc.state.ri.us/pubs/pdfs/row2006.pdf (accessed 6/29/07).
Rhode Island Sea Grant. A Daytripper’s Guide to Rhode Island. http://seagrant.gso.uri.edu/daytrip/narragansett.html (accessed 6/29/07).
Rubin, Michael and Dennis Nixon. 1990. Shoreline Access in Rhode Island: A Case Study of Black Point. Marine Law Review 42 (1): 95-113.
Town of Narragansett Tax Assessor’s Office. Map T04 (accessed 11/06).
Christine Patrick is Past Co-President of the TCS-URI Chapter and current TCS-NOAA intern in NOAA's Habitat Protec-
tion Division in Silver Spring, MD. In February 2008, Christine will begin the Dean John Knauss Marine Policy Fellow-
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Annual Report
TCS 29 (2)
continued on page 11
2007 Annual Report of The Coastal Society
The Coastal Society is an organization of private sector, academic, and government professionals and students dedi-
cated to actively addressing emerging coastal issues by fostering dialogue, forging partnerships, and promoting com-
munication and education.
TCS 20th International Conference Held May 14 - 17, 2006, St. Pete Beach, Florida
The conference theme, “Charting a New Course: Shaping Solutions for the Coast," was reflected in the plenary sessions
which focused on innovative solutions to problems faced in coastal and ocean management, especially those placed on the
coasts by our energy needs. Despite a full schedule of concurrent sessions presenting solutions to challenges in land use,
conflicting ocean use governance, integrating science into coastal decision-making, mitigating hazards and changing be-
haviors, there was time for the nearly 300 attendees to visit field sites to see first hand solutions to balanced use, restora-
tion, conservation and beach nourishment problems. The conference was sponsored by a broad range of state and federal
agencies and non-governmental organizations indicating its importance to coastal management professionals in public,
private and academic sectors. TCS members gathered for breakfast at the Annual Membership Meeting and learned of the
future plans for expanding activities and involving members. Following the conference a special issue of the TCS Bulletin
reported the conference events and presentations.
The first Robert W. Knecht Award for Outstanding Professional Promise was created to recognize a rising professional in
the field of coastal and ocean management who, early in his or her career, best emulated the vigor, dedication, vision and
generosity of Robert W. Knecht. The award reflects the TCS goal of helping students transition into their career field. It
was awarded at the conference to Kate Killerlain-Morrison, Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management Program.
The next biennial meeting will be held in June, 2008, at the Crowne Plaza Redondo Beach, within easy access of the Los
Angeles, CA airport.
Coastal Resource Recovery Fundraiser Awards Made
In response to the devastation wrought by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, TCS initiated a new fundraising effort to contrib-
ute to existing coastal resource protection, restoration and education projects underway in Louisiana, Mississippi, and
Alabama. Approximately $2,100 was raised at the TCS 20 conference, and awarded via a competitive selection process to
coastal resource projects run by the Alabama Coastal Foundation, the Coalition to Restore Coastal Louisiana, and the Mis-
sissippi Coast Audubon Society. These organizations will be reporting back to TCS via articles in the Bulletin. TCS plans to
continue to raise funds and award them competitively to assist local coastal communities in areas of need.
Healthy Financial Outlook
TCS began the year with $20,555 in assets, and ended on 12/31/06 with $62,031, due to a successful conference. Funds
collected for the Coastal Resource Recovery Fund are kept separate from the operating funds, although they are included
in the total assets. TCS lent financial support to its chapters through sponsorship of chapter events and student travel
funding to the TCS conference. It also supported events during the annual Coastal and Ocean Managers Week in Washing-
ton, DC. The Board has adopted a biennial budget for 2007-2008 to plan for both a conference and non-conference year.
Member Services and Involvement
Membership in TCS grew from 338 at year end 2005 to 356 at year end 2006. Part of this increase was from conference
attendees and part from student chapter growth. More members are using the convenience of the online credit card option
via PayPal to join or renew their membership. Member communications has gone almost entirely to electronic format, in-
cluding membership renewal reminders, weekly announcements and the quarterly newsletter. A survey of the membership
in the fall asked for preferences in membership services and benefits, and feedback on the future direction of TCS. The
results were used to guide the TCS Board in their planning and will be reported to the membership in 2007.
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Annual Report
TCS 29 (2)
continued from page 10
New Officers and Directors Elected
The following individuals were elected to serve TCS beginning January 1, 2007:
President-Elect: Jeff Benoit, Director of Coastal and Ocean Programs at SRA, International (VA)
Secretary: Amy Blizzard, Assistant Professor, Planning Program, Department of Geography, East Carolina University (NC)
Director: Rick Burroughs, Professor, Department of Marine Affairs, University of Rhode Island (RI)
Director: Tali Engoltz, Coastal Resource Scientist, Coastal Management Program, New Jersey Department of Environ-
mental Protection (NJ)
Director: Susan White, NOAA National Centers for Coastal and Ocean Sciences’ Hollings Marine Lab, Charleston (SC)
There are five chapters affiliated with TCS: Cascadia (CA, OR, WA, BC), Duke University, University of Washington, East
Carolina University, and University of Rhode Island. The chapters had an active year of hosting speakers, holding net-
working events, presenting papers and posters on research done, fund raising for local charities, and conducting com-
munity service projects. The chapters supported TCS by helping to plan and attending the conference. A special workshop
was held during the conference to connect chapters with each other and to share ideas about both chapter functions and
ways to strengthen the relationship with TCS. Look for more chapters to request affiliation with TCS in the next year.
Initiatives Begun
The following initiatives were begun or continued in 2006, and will be carried over into 2007:
Bulletin – The TCS Bulletin will continue to be published quarterly. The publisher for the past two years, the Urban Har-
bors Institute, produced a fresh new look to the publication, and kept the TCS web site and conference web site up to date.
TCS routinely issues an RFP for editor and publisher of the TCS Bulletin every two years. Contracts were awarded to Ellen
Gordon (continuing) and the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, respectively.
Conference Planning – Evaluation of the 2006 conference has lead TCS to merge the abstract submission, hotel arrange-
ments and registration function under a single conference coordinator to centralize the functions previously handled by
three paid contractors for fiscal savings. The 2008 conference will be held June 29 – July 3 in Redondo Beach, CA, near
Los Angeles.
Strategic Planning – The TCS Board of Directors began planning for a Board retreat in early 2007 to evaluate the current
committee structure, create an updated strategic plan and find ways to involve TCS members in Society activities. Mem-
bers participated in this retreat preparation by completing an on-line survey about the areas of activity and membership
benefits TCS should provide on behalf of its membership. Results of the survey and retreat will be published in the TCS
New Student Chapter – The Hawaii Chapter submitted the necessary documentation for inclusion as a TCS chapter, and
demonstrated a strong commitment, having already established their leadership group, partnering with other organiza-
tions and individuals, and holding events. The Board will deliberate and vote on inclusion in early 2007.
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
The Coastal Society-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Marine Fisheries
Service Internship
Competition for the sixth annual TCS-NOAA Internship was keen, as usual. With a dozen strong TCS student members
as candidates, the decision was especially difficult. The final choice was Christine “Chrissy" Patrick from the University
of Rhode Island’s School of Marine Affairs. Chrissy brings a strong academic background from URI and Williams College
plus four years of professional experience with the American Fisheries Society and the Metcalf Institute for Marine and
Environmental Reporting. After she joins the NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service’s Office of Habitat Conservation
in late July, Chrissy will work on a mix of tasks on communications strategies for habitat programs, a national evaluation
of habitat conservation efforts, potential opportunities in alternative ocean energy sectors, developing an Atlantic coast
partnership under the National Fish Habitat Action Plan, and reviewing the environmental effects of shellfish aquacul-
ture. Chrissy’s six-month internship will end in January 2008, when she’ll begin her Knauss Sea Grant Fellowship. At
NMFS, she’ll be working with Tom Bigford (former TCS officer), Jeff Smith (former TCS-NOAA Intern and now NOAA
employee), and others in the Office’s Habitat Protection Division.
The Coastal Society-Surfrider Internship
TCS and The Surfrider Foundation are pleased to announce that they have selected TCS member Dan Robinson from
the Department of Marine Affairs at the University of Rhode Island as their TCS/Surfrider Foundation intern. Dan is a
long time member of the Surfrider Foundation and is active in the Rhode Island chapter. He is also a recent co-president
of The Coastal Society URI Chapter. Dan will be joining the Surfrider Foundation this summer to research the “Erosion
Response" beach health indicator for the State of the Beach report. www.surfrider.org/stateofthebeach
TCS Internships
TCS 29 (2)
TCS-URI joined with the Surfrider Foundation Rhode Island Chapter to clean up beaches on Saturday, March 24,
and focused on Bass Rock, their soon-to-be-adopted right-of-way. There, they found almost a complete desk among
the rocks (pictured are TCS-URI Secretary Azure Westwood and past Co-President Dan Robinson). Four weeks later
they found even more trash, including an instructional page on how to write a ransom note. Fortunately, it came
from a URI criminal justice course. For more about Bass Rock, read Chapter Voices, page 8.
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Chapter Updates
TCS 29 (2)
University of Washington (UW)
Our successful Brown Bag Lunch series continued on
April 30th with Bill Stewart, owner of Agua Verde Res-
taurant. Bill gave a presentation to the School of Marine
Affairs (SMA) community from the 'rare' private sector
perspective on sustainable seafood purchasing and run-
ning a recreation & tourism venture. On May 7th, Cynthia
Decker, Executive Director of the NOAA Science Advisory
Board and a former Knauss fellow presented information
on her career path and the various jobs she had prior to
her current position. Finally, on May 22, Jody Kennedy,
Surfrider’s Washington State Policy Coordinator, came to
talk to us about her marine affairs career. Before join-
ing the Surfrider Foundation, Jody worked with the San
Juan Islands Marine Resources Committee on developing
an ecosystem-based management plan for the San Juan
County Marine Stewardship Area. Jody is a graduate of
UW and got her Master's degree from the Daniel J. Evans
School of Public Affairs.
The UW Coastal Society's spring quarter Blue Drinks was
held Wednesday, May 9, 5-7pm at the Fisheries second
floor sundeck (at the south part of the building). Blue
Drinks has been a hit, so we expanded to a bigger venue
with a better view to fit our growing attendance and the
heavenly spring weather. Alaskan Brewing donated a full
keg of their new ocean-themed India Pale Ale and Agua
Verde donated food for our event. More than 80 people at-
tended, including folks from the School of Law, Earth and
Space Science, the Evans School of Public Affairs, School
of Aquatic and Fishery Science, and SMA. Faculty who at-
tended were excited to note that some alumni were present
who had not participated in any other event since graduat-
ing—another mark of Blue Drinks success.
TCS also organized a group of fourteen SMA students plus
three community members to join forces with over 800
volunteers statewide to participate in the Washington
Coast Cleanup on April 20-21. We cleaned up a stretch of
beach from South Kalaloch beach to the Kalaloch resort.
An overnight camping trip was held the night before the
cleanup at Kalaloch campground. About 23 tons of trash
was removed from Washington beaches. http://olympic-
Lastly, a fundraiser for the chapter is underway. We are
selling hooded sweatshirts to the SMA community, with
about 30 pre-ordered for this year’s class, and some re-
maining for sale to next year’s class.
New TCS Chapter!
The Coastal Society is proud to announce the addition of a new chapter. The Coastal Society of Hawaii (TCSH), located
at the University of Hawaii, Manoa, is now officially part of TCS. Run by University of Hawaii students, and advised by a
board of professionals from the academic, private and public sectors, this group seeks to “inspire coastal stewardship and
create a sense of community by engaging people in thought provoking dialogue." With many activities already ongoing,
you can look forward to a full report on TCSH in the next issue of the Bulletin! www.geography.hawaii.edu/projects/tcsh/
Haena Beach, HI
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Upcoming Conference
TCS 28 (2)
Coastal Zone 07
July 22-26, 2007, Portland, OR
Brewing Local Solutions to Your Coastal Issues.
Coastal Institute Asia: Integrated Ecosystem Man-
agement Program
July 23-August 10, 2007, Bangkok, Thailand
2007 Conference of the International Association
for the Study of the Commons
July 31-August 3, 2007, Corner Brook, Newfoundland
Nature Canada Conference
August 1-5, 2007, Wolfville, Nova Scotia
Climate Change and the Coast: Think Global Act
August 20, 2007, Mandurah, Western Australia, Australia
4th Annual Energy Ocean Conference
August 21-23, 2007, Oahu, Hawaii
Balancing Private Rights in the Coastal Zone in the
Era of Climate Change
September 20-21, 2007, Columbia, SC
15th International Conference on Aquatic Invasive
September 23 - 27, 2007, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
European Symposium on Marine Protected Areas
September 25-28, 2007, Murcia, Spain
Present and discuss the results from ongoing European
and international marine protected area (MPA) research,
aiming to contribute to the development of a range of new
tools required to design, implement, monitor and evaluate
the effects of different types of MPAs.
Upcoming Conferences
TCS 29 (2)
International Conference on Port Development
and Coastal Environment
September 25-28, 2007, Varna, Bulgaria
Scientific Workshop on the Impact of Global
Climate Change on the Arctic Coastal Zones
October 1-3, 2007, Tromsø, Norway
Theme: Arctic Coastal Zones at Risk. Organized by LOICZ,
International Conference on Management and
Restoration of Coastal Dunes
October 3-5, 2007, Santander, Spain
26th Annual International Submerged Lands Man-
agement Conference
October 29-November 2, 2007, Williamsburg, VA
International Conference on Coastal Management
October 31-November 2, 2007, Cardiff, United Kingdom
The purpose of this conference, through nine key themes,
is to highlight innovation and best practice in the field of
coastal management.
ERF 2007: Science and Management: Observa-
tions, Syntheses, Solutions
November 4-8, 2007, Providence, RI
Living with Climate Change: Are There Limits to
February 7-8, 2008, London, UK
Solutions to Coastal Disasters Conference 2008
April 13-16, 2008, Turtle Bay Resort, Oahu, Hawaii,
Conference topics will focus on science, management tools,
management challenges and options, and coastal land use
policy related to a range of coastal hazards.
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
Board of Directors
TCS 29 (2)
Ariel A. Cuschnir
Director Coastal Programs
The Louis Berger Group, Inc.
2445 M Street NW, 4th Fl.
Washington, DC 20037-1435
PH: (202) 303-2750
FAX: (202) 293-0787
SKYPE: coastaldoctor
E-MAIL: acushnir@louisberger.com
Term: 1/1/06 - 12/31/08
(Education Committee Co-Chair)
Laurie Jodice
304 Brookstone Way
Central, SC 29630
PH: (864) 656-2209
FAX: (864) 656-2226
E-MAIL: jodicel@yahoo.com
Term: 1/1/06 - 12/31/08
Susan White
Hollings Marine Laboratory
331 Fort Johnson Road
Charleston, SC 29412
PH: (843) 762-8993
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/09
Tali Engoltz
NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection
Coastal Management Program
Office of Policy, Planning, and Science
401 E. State St., 7th Fl. West
P.O. Box 418
Trenton, NJ 08625
PH: (609) 633-2201
FAX: (609) 292-4608
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/09
Richard H. Burroughs
Dept. of Marine Affairs
URI, Washburn Hall
Kingston, RI 02881
PH: (401) 874-4045
FAX: (401) 874-2156
E-MAIL: rburroughs@uri.edu
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/09
(Education Committee Co-Chair)
Patrick J. Christie
UW School of Marine Affairs -and-
Jackson School of International Studies
3707 Brooklyn Ave., NE
Seattle, WA 98105
PH: (206) 685-6661
FAX: (206) 543-1917
SKYPE: patrick.christie1
E-MAIL: patrickc@u.washington.edu
Term: 1/1/06 - 12/31/08
Robert F. Goodwin
37 Vista Vue Drive
Omak, WA 98841
PH: (509) 422-1733
Cell PH: (206) 355-0975
E-MAIL: goodrf@communitynet.org
Term: 1/1/05 - 12/31/07
Larry Hildebrand
Strategic Integration Office
Environment Canada-Atlantic
16th Floor, Queen Sq, 45 Alderney Dr.
Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 2N6
PH: (902) 426-2131
FAX: (902) 426-6348
E-MAIL: larry.hildebrand@ec.gc.ca
Term: 1/1/05 - 12/31/07
Gib L. Chase
EcoConsultants International LLC
6 Kimball Lane
Northboro, MA 01532
PH: (508) 393-9548
E-MAIL: ecoci@charter.net
Term: 1/1/06 - 12/31/07
Kimberly Lellis
1315 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910
PH: (301) 713-4300 xt.156
FAX: (301) 713-4305
E-MAIL: kimberly.lellis@noaa.gov
Special Projects Committee Co-Chair
Term: 1/1/06 - 12/31/07
Thomas E. Bigford
NOAA/Nat'l Marine Fisheries Service
Office of Habitat Conservation, F/HC
1315 East-West Highway, Room
Silver Spring, MD 20910
PH: (301) 713-4300 xt. 131
FAX: (301) 713-4305
(Membership Committee Chair)
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/07
Christine Patrick
113 Carrington Ave. #1F
Woonsocket, RI 02895
PH: (301) 466-4849
Chapters Committee Chair
Duke Student Chapter Liaison
Carly Knoell
East Carolina Chapter Liaison
Valerie Johnson Grussing
Univ. of Washington Chapter Liaison
Sara Earhart
Univ. of Rhode Island Chapter
Matt Nixon
Willie Whitmore
Chapter Liaison
Christine Patrick
Univ. of Hawaii Chapter President
India Clark
Harmonee Williams
The Coastal Society
Tax ID Number: 52-1082650
TCS Office
Judy Tucker, CAE, Executive Director
P.O. Box 3590
Williamsburg, VA 23187-3590
PH: (757) 565-0999
FAX: (757) 565-0299
E-MAIL: coastalsoc@aol.com
Tax Preparation
Swart, Lalande & Associates, PC
11166 Fairfax Blvd, Suite 300
Fairfax, VA 22030
PH: (703) 361-6126
FAX: (703) 591-9595
Chas Rannells
Bulletin Editor
Ellen Gordon
17401 Ryefield Court
Dickerson, MD 20842
PH: (301) 407-9155
E-MAIL: ellen@gordonballard.com
Bulletin Designer and Publisher
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Dept. of Natural Resources Conservation
Holdsworth Hall
Amherst, MA 01003
PH: (413) 545-6641
FAX: (413) 545-4358
E-MAIL: Loomis@forwild.umass.edu
David Loomis, Sarah Pautzke
Kristen Fletcher (President)
Marine Affairs Institute,
Rhode Island Sea Grant
Legal Program,
Roger Williams University
School of Law
10 Metacom Ave.
Bristol, RI 02809
PH: (401) 254-4613
FAX: (401) 254-5734
E-MAIL: kfletcher@rwu.edu
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/1/08
Jeff Benoit (Pres.-Elect)
SRA International
3434 North Washington Blvd.
Arlington, VA 22201
PH: (703) 284-6191
FAX: (703) 284-1376
E-MAIL: jeff_benoit@sra.com
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/08
(Special Projects Committee
Dr. Paul C. Ticco (Past Pres.)
National Marine Sanctuary
1305 East West Highway, N/
Room 12310
Silver Spring, MD 20910
PH: (301) 563-1162
FAX: (301) 713-3110
E-MAIL: paul.ticco@noaa.gov
Term: 1/1/05 - 12/31/06
Maurice "Mo" Lynch (Trea-
College of William and Mary
Virginia Institute of Marine
P.O. Box 125
Gloucester Point, VA 23062
PH: (804) 542-4852
E-MAIL: mlynch@vims.edu
Term: 1/1/05 - 12/31/07
(Finance Committee Chair)
Amy Blizzard (Secretary)
Urban and Regional Planning
212A Brewster Building
East Carolina University
Greenville, NC 27858
PH: (252) 328-1270
E-MAIL: blizzarda@ecu.edu
Term: 1/1/07 - 12/31/09
(Communications Committee
VOLUME 29 (2) 2007
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The Coastal Society is an organization of private sector, academic, and government professionals and students dedicated to
actively addressing emerging coastal issues by fostering dialogue, forging partnerships, and promoting
communication and education.
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